Cite this post as:
Scott Weingart, MD FCCM. EMCrit Wee – First Study of the Benefits of an EDICU. EMCrit Blog. Published on September 10, 2019. Accessed on June 10th 2023. Available at [https://emcrit.org/emcrit/ec3-study/ ].
Dr. Scott Weingart, Course Director, reports no relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies.
This episode’s speaker(s), (listed above), report no relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies.
Original Release: September 10, 2019
Date of Most Recent Review: Jan 1, 2022
Termination Date: Jan 1, 2025
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I’m not really clear on where the benefits of the EC3 come from. The resuscitation unit absolutely makes sense, but here it seems like you’re just admitting a patient to a different ICU. What is different about admitting a patient at 90 minutes to the EC3, they go there, and are taken care of, and admitting a patient at 90 minutes to the ICU, they go there, and get presumably the same care? Is this model really only beneficial when patients aren’t able to move to the ICU in a timely manner?
yeah it is an interesting ? with a stand-alone ICU.
1. ICU Is run by EM rather than specialty specific
2. Pts get ICU beds the moment the team wants one as opposed to 12-36 hrs later like it would be without EDICU
3. Pts leave critical care the moment they are able to avoiding the badness of iatrogenesis in ICUs
4. EDICUS are unlikely to build superbugs like most of the ICUs that host long-term crit care patients
Hi Andrew – I might be able to help a bit. It may not be as obvious because it is in the appendix/supplemental tables of our JAMA paper, but I think there are several significant impacts of the ED-ICU model: 1) Only 30% of the patients who come in to EC3 critically ill go on to need an inpatient ICU bed in the hospital. The rest are able to safely go to a lower level of care (gen care, tele) within 8-10 hrs of being in EC3 without an increased rate of bouncing from that level of care to the… Read more »
Hey Scott. Great episode. This data makes me a little uncomfortable as a physician working in a setting where this model of care is either a long way off, or more likely never coming. I wonder if it is possible to break down the components of this care a little bit more, and focus on the parts that we really think are contributing to the benefit. Is it just the added time at the bedside (which might be hard to recreate in a busy ED)? Or are there other parts of critical care, such as head of bed elevation, appropriate… Read more »
I’m sorry to say, but I think most of the benefits of EDICUS (prob. all of the benefits of the original EGDT study) comes down to docs and nurses at the bedside.
Hi Justin, Great point. I think its several things (see my response to Andrew above). There is certainly value to have more time at the bedside with additional resources to really give us time to think and see trends and trajectory in critical illness evolve. Of course, having more aggressive nursing ratios, RT present is very favorable. However, there are lots of smaller things that could be done in a smaller shop with less resources. There is a joint task force between SCCM and ACEP that is the process of publishing a white paper on the boarding of critically ill… Read more »
Honestly – even if it is just more time at the bedside, the information is incredibly valuable. We are always performing triage of some sorts. This tells me that half hour extra at the bedside might have a mortality benefit. That is really important information. Most days that means spending the extra time, but it depends a but on what the waiting room looks like. Data like this should probably also force us to analyze our ED nursing ratios. Luckily where I work I should almost always be able to get patients to the ICU within an hour or so.… Read more »
Wondering how billing/admitting works for this model. Right now I’m looking at this from the perspective of my ED obs unit. We “admit” to the obs unit but if they transfer to inpatient status the are “admitted” by the inpatient docs because the ED docs don’t have admitting priviledges. Are you placing admit orders to get these patients to EC3 or do they stay ED status and just move to a new room? How are you billing for these stays? My hospital is always packed and the obs unit usually just ends up with bed holds and not true obs… Read more »
both the EC3 and my RACC Unit are out-patient units. We both independently looked into the pluses and minuses of becoming an inpt unit and the advantages were almost all on the out-pt side. We bill these patients as critical care, EM, and/or OBs.