Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a common cause of ICU admission for seizure or altered mental status. Although PRES is commonly associated with hypertension, PRES can occur in the absence of hypertension due to a variety of disorders that impair endothelial function causing vasogenic edema. Thus, PRES encompasses the entity of “hypertensive encephalopathy” – but it is a much broader diagnosis than simply this phenomena.
The IBCC chapter is located 👉 here.
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