Hypocalcemia in the ICU is one of the more confusing electrolyte abnormalities, because it's frankly unclear exactly what to do with it. Most patients in ICU are hypocalcemic, but there is little evidence that trying to “replete” hypocalcemia back to euboxia is beneficial (or even feasible). Of course, there are some patients who have severe hypocalcemia and definitely benefit from calcium administration (e.g. massive transfusion). Also, understanding the causes and addressing them is always advisable.
The IBCC chapter is located here.
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