A post last year discussed the top 10 reasons to stop cooling to 33C. It was based largely on the Nielsen trial, which showed similar outcomes between therapeutic hypothermia (TH33) and therapeutic temperature management (TTM36). However, this trial left some questions about how these protocols would perform outside the context of a RCT (external validity). Last year’s post speculated that since TTM36 is easier to achieve, it would out-perform TH33 in real-world conditions.
Let’s be honest, our decisions to cover MRSA among patients admitted to the hospital with pneumonia are haphazard. It’s not our fault. The guidelines are contradictory. For example, the MRSA guidelines by the Infectious Disease Society of America recommend coverage for everyone admitted to the ICU with pneumonia. However, pneumonia guidelines by the same society recommend coverage only for patients with specific risk factors. Fortunately, new evidence and diagnostic tools may allow us to properly treat MRSA, without drowning the entire hospital in vancomycin.
A recent series of articles suggest that the combination of vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam are synergistically nephrotoxic. Is piperacillin-tazobactam truly nephrotoxic, or is this merely pseudo-nephrotoxicity?
Medicine continues to be plagued by poorly reproducible studies. The storyline is familiar. First, a very positive study is released in a major medical journal, with great fanfare. This leads to widespread changes in practice. Decades later, it becomes clear that the study was incorrect. Recently a new tool was developed to help understand the reproducibility of clinical studies: the fragility index. This post will analyze the NINDS trial from the perspective of its fragility index.
Considering the importance of crystalloid in critical care, one might expect crystalloid composition to be meticulously engineered and updated. However, our crystalloid choices remain archaic. Normal saline and Lactated Ringers (LR) were developed in the 1800s, whereas Plasmalyte and Normosol emerged in the 1970s.